Iran Film Plus __localized_headline__
Raving Iran - Film plus DJ-Set der beiden Protagonisten Blade&Beard. VVK für den Film (inklusive Eintritt für die Party danach) unter jonkoping-filmfestival.se Raving Iran - Film plus DJ-Set der beiden Protagonisten Blade&Beard VVK für den Film (inklusive Eintritt für die Party danach) unter. Ein iranischer Episodenfilm über die Todesstrafe hat den Hauptpreis der Berlinale gewonnen. Regisseur Mohammed Rassulof war bei der. Immer wieder halten autoritäre Regime Filmemacher davon ab, ins Ausland zu reisen und ihre Filme persönlich zu präsentieren. konnte der. ksta-plus-banner-1JahrProzent Der Episodenfilm „Es gibt kein Böses” des iranischen Regisseurs Mohammed Rassulof hat den Goldenen.
An der Berlinale hat der Episodenfilm «Es gibt kein Böses» des iranischen Regisseurs Mohammed Rassulof den Goldenen Bären. Raving Iran - Film plus DJ-Set der beiden Protagonisten Blade&Beard. VVK für den Film (inklusive Eintritt für die Party danach) unter jonkoping-filmfestival.se Raving Iran - Film plus DJ-Set der beiden Protagonisten Blade&Beard VVK für den Film (inklusive Eintritt für die Party danach) unter. Danielp. Iran 2, revised ed. Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 1 October In Julywith Creed stream deutsch streamcloud thrown on the defensive, the regime of Iran took link decision to invade Iraq and conducted countless offensives in a bid to conquer Iraqi territory and capture cities, such as Basra. Archived from the original on 27 November The occupation of grouped hamlets in the area of Susaand beast episodenguide the beauty determined by radiocarbon datingranges from to BC. A bridge too far It had everything! An der Berlinale hat der Episodenfilm «Es gibt kein Böses» des iranischen Regisseurs Mohammed Rassulof den Goldenen Bären. Der Episodenfilm "Es gibt kein Böses" des iranischen Regisseurs Mohammed Rassulof hat den Goldenen Bären der Berlinale gewonnen. Ein Episodenfilm über die Todesstrafe im Iran ist der beste Film der Berlinale Die Jury zeichnete „There is No Evil“ mit dem Goldenen. Die Preisträger der Berlinale stehen fest: Die Jury zeichnet eine Geschichte aus dem Iran als besten Film aus - und verleiht auch. 15 Bilder Foto: dpa Berlin - Der Goldene Bär der Internationalen Filmfestspiele Berlin ist zum ersten Mal an einen Film aus dem Iran verliehen.
A defiant celebration of his unstoppable creative drive, it was screened at the Cannes Film Festival.
It celebrates acts of everyday heroism, the kindness and innocence of children, and the communal spirit in rural areas.
It was performed mostly by non-professionals. Select currency. My Plans. Open menu Menu. Iranian filmmakers are confronted by enormous obstacles.
All movies are subjected to intense scrutiny by the Ministry of Culture to insure they adhere to strict cultural, moral, and religious codes.
Despite restrictions, the directors of the Iranian New Wave have made many powerful movies that test the limits of control.
A film buff remembers A book every movie fan should buy Fereydoun Hoveyda. Seeds: A documentary Photo essay Parisa Taghizadeh.
Moore Shrek Two films Peyvand Khorsandi. Extreme filmmaking People in the film business are gangsters.
In Iran, it's extreme. Jason Rezaian. Nostalgia and something less cheery Michael Moore's fabulously effective piece of propaganda By Sam Fayyaz.
Bravo Shohreh! Collective sneeze "If Iranians just sneeze together, it would be a hurricane to destroy the regime.
The missing Tooba, the tree of life, must be controlled, kept in fear, scrutinized By Torange Yeghiazarian. Smack in the middle It is good to, for a change, leave the pride aside and imagine ourselves in the other person's shoes By Zohreh Khazai Ghahremani.
Simply human nature Would anybody want to hire us if we were all going to be known only as terrorists? By Cas Anvar. Garden variety An Iranian teaches an American a lesson about journalism.
In Khuzestan , several distinct varieties of Persian are spoken. Luri and Lari are also spoken in southern Iran. Azerbaijani , which is by far the most spoken language in the country after Persian,  as well as a number of other Turkic languages and dialects, is spoken in various regions of Iran, especially in the region of Azerbaijan.
Circassian was also once widely spoken by the large Circassian minority, but, due to assimilation over the many years, no sizable number of Circassians speak the language anymore.
Percentages of spoken language continue to be a point of debate, as many opt that they are politically motivated; most notably regarding the largest and second largest ethnicities in Iran, the Persians and Azerbaijanis.
As with the spoken languages, the ethnic group composition also remains a point of debate, mainly regarding the largest and second largest ethnic groups, the Persians and Azerbaijanis, due to the lack of Iranian state censuses based on ethnicity.
Qashqai and Turkmens , and non-Iranian, non-Turkic groups incl. Other nongovernmental estimates regarding the groups other than Persians and Azerbaijanis are roughly congruent with the World Factbook and the Library of Congress.
However, many estimates regarding the number of these two groups differ significantly from the mentioned census; some place the number of ethnic Azerbaijanis in Iran between Historically, early Iranian religions such as the Proto-Iranic religion and the subsequent Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism were the dominant religions in Iran, particularly during the Median, Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sasanian eras.
This changed after the fall of the Sasanian Empire by the centuries-long Islamization that followed the Muslim Conquest of Iran.
Iran was predominantly Sunni until the conversion of the country as well as the people of what is today the neighboring Republic of Azerbaijan to Shia Islam by the order of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century.
There are about 3,, adherents of Yarsanism , a Kurdish indigenous religion related to Zoroastrianism : making it the largest unrecognized minority religion in Iran.
Its followers are mainly Gorani Kurds and certain groups of Lurs. Judaism has a long history in Iran , dating back to the Achaemenid conquest of Babylonia.
Although many left in the wake of the establishment of the State of Israel and the Revolution, about 8,  to 25,  Jewish people live in Iran.
Iran has the largest Jewish population in the Middle East outside of Israel. Around , to , Christians reside in Iran,   and Christianity is the country's largest recognized minority religion.
Most are of Armenian background, as well as a sizable minority of Assyrians. Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and the Sunni branch of Islam are officially recognized by the government, and have reserved seats in the Iranian Parliament.
The earliest attested cultures in Iran date back to the Lower Paleolithic. Owing to its geopolitical position, Iran has influenced cultures as far as Greece and Italy to the west, Russia to the north, the Arabian Peninsula to the south, and south and east Asia to the east.
The art of Iran encompasses many disciplines, including architecture , stonemasonry , metalworking , weaving , pottery , painting , and calligraphy.
Iranian works of art show a great variety in style, in different regions and periods. Greek iconography was imported by the Seleucids , followed by the recombination of Hellenistic and earlier Near Eastern elements in the art of the Parthians ,  with remains such as the Temple of Anahita and the Statue of the Parthian Nobleman.
By the time of the Sasanians, Iranian art came across a general renaissance. During the Middle Ages, Sasanian art played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art,  which carried forward to the Islamic world , and much of what later became known as Islamic learning—including medicine , architecture , philosophy , philology , and literature —were of Sasanian basis.
The Safavid era is known as the Golden Age of Iranian art,  and Safavid works of art show a far more unitary development than in any other period,  as part of a political evolution that reunified Iran as a cultural entity.
Iran's contemporary art traces its origins back to the time of Kamal-ol-Molk ,  a prominent realist painter at the court of the Qajar dynasty who affected the norms of painting and adopted a naturalistic style that would compete with photographic works.
A new Iranian school of fine art was established by Kamal-ol-Molk in ,  and was followed by the so-called "coffeehouse" style of painting.
Iran's avant-garde modernists emerged by the arrival of new western influences during World War II. The history of architecture in Iran goes back to the seventh millennium BC.
Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic, developing gradually and coherently out of earlier traditions and experience.
Iran ranks seventh among UNESCO 's list of countries with the most archaeological ruins and attractions from antiquity.
Traditionally, the guiding formative motif of Iranian architecture has been its cosmic symbolism "by which man is brought into communication and participation with the powers of heaven".
According to Persian historian and archaeologist Arthur Pope , the supreme Iranian art, in the proper meaning of the word, has always been its architecture.
The supremacy of architecture applies to both pre- and post-Islamic periods. Iran's carpet-weaving has its origins in the Bronze Age, and is one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian art.
Iran's oldest literary tradition is that of Avestan , the Old Iranian sacred language of the Avesta , which consists of the legendary and religious texts of Zoroastrianism and the ancient Iranian religion , with its earliest records dating back to the pre-Achaemenid times.
Of the various modern languages used in Iran, Persian , various dialects of which are spoken throughout the Iranian Plateau,   has the most influential literature.
Persian has been dubbed as a worthy language to serve as a conduit for poetry, and is considered one of the four main bodies of world literature.
Iranian philosophy originates from Indo-European roots, with Zoroaster 's reforms having major influences.
According to The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy , the chronology of the subject and science of philosophy starts with the Indo-Iranians, dating this event to BC.
The Oxford dictionary also states, "Zarathushtra's philosophy entered to influence Western tradition through Judaism, and therefore on Middle Platonism.
While there are ancient relations between the Indian Vedas and the Iranian Avesta , the two main families of the Indo-Iranian philosophical traditions were characterized by fundamental differences, especially in their implications for the human being's position in society and their view of man's role in the universe.
The Cyrus Cylinder , which is known as "the first charter of human rights ", is often seen as a reflection of the questions and thoughts expressed by Zoroaster, and developed in Zoroastrian schools of the Achaemenid era.
Among them are treatises such as the Zatspram, Shkand-gumanik Vizar , and Denkard , as well as older passages of the Avesta and the Gathas.
Iranian mythology consists of ancient Iranian folklore and stories, all involving extraordinary beings, reflecting attitudes towards the confrontation of good and evil , actions of the gods, and the exploits of heroes and fabulous creatures.
Myths play a crucial part in Iranian culture, and understanding of them is increased when they are considered within the context of actual events in Iranian history.
The geography of Greater Iran, a vast area covering present-day Iran, the Caucasus, Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Central Asia, with its high mountain ranges, plays the main role in much of Iranian mythology.
It draws heavily on the stories and characters of the Zoroastrian tradition, from the texts of the Avesta , the Denkard , and the Bundahishn.
Iran is the apparent birthplace of the earliest complex instruments, dating back to the third millennium BC.
Multiple depictions of horizontal harps were also sculpted in Assyrian palaces, dating back between and BC.
Xenophon 's Cyropaedia mentions a great number of singing women at the court of the Achaemenid Empire.
Likewise, Strabo 's Geographica reports that the Parthian youth were taught songs about "the deeds both of the gods and of the noblest men".
The history of Sasanian music is better documented than the earlier periods, and is especially more evident in Avestan texts.
Iranian traditional musical instruments include string instruments such as chang harp , qanun , santur , rud oud , barbat , tar , dotar , setar , tanbur , and kamanche , wind instruments such as sorna zurna , karna and ney , and percussion instruments such as tompak , kus , daf dayere , and naqare.
It was reformed by Parviz Mahmoud in , and is currently Iran's oldest and largest symphony orchestra. Later, by the late s, Ruhollah Khaleqi founded the country's first national music society, and established the School of National Music in Iranian pop music has its origins in the Qajar era.
The emergence of genres such as rock in the s and hip hop in the s also resulted in major movements and influences in Iranian music.
Before the Revolution, the Iranian national stage had become a famous performing scene for known international artists and troupes,  with the Roudaki Hall of Tehran constructed to function as the national stage for opera and ballet.
Tjeknavorian, a celebrated Iranian Armenian composer and conductor, composed it in 25 years, and it was finally performed for the first time at Tehran's Roudaki Hall, with Darya Dadvar in the role of Tahmina.
A third-millennium BC earthen goblet discovered at the Burnt City , a Bronze Age urban settlement in southeastern Iran, depicts what could possibly be the world's oldest example of animation.
The artifact, associated with Jiroft , bears five sequential images depicting a wild goat jumping up to eat the leaves of a tree. The figures at Persepolis remain bound by the rules of grammar and syntax of visual language.
It is even possible to see a progenitor of the cinematic close-up shot in one of these works of art, which shows a wounded wild pig escaping from the hunting ground.
By the early 20th century, the five-year-old industry of cinema came to Iran. Mirza Ebrahim obtained a camera and filmed the Qajar ruler's visit to Europe.
Later in , Mirza Ebrahim Sahhaf Bashi , a businessman, opened the first public movie theater in Tehran. Until the early s, there were around 15 cinema theaters in Tehran and 11 in other provinces.
Iran's animation industry began by the s, and was followed by the establishment of the influential Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults in January The majority of the production focused on melodrama and thrillers.
With the screening of the films Qeysar and The Cow , directed by Masoud Kimiai and Dariush Mehrjui respectively in , alternative films set out to establish their status in the film industry and Bahram Beyzai 's Downpour and Nasser Taghvai 's Tranquility in the Presence of Others followed soon.
Attempts to organize a film festival, which had begun in within the framework of the Golrizan Festival, resulted in the festival of Sepas in The endeavors also resulted in the formation of the Tehran's World Film Festival in After the Revolution of , and following the Cultural Revolution , a new age emerged in Iranian cinema, starting with Long Live!
Kiarostami, an acclaimed Iranian director, planted Iran firmly on the map of world cinema when he won the Palme d'Or for Taste of Cherry in Critics considered this a remarkable event in the history of Iranian cinema.
In , he was named as one of the Most Influential People in the world by the American news magazine Time. Iran's official New Year begins with Nowruz , an ancient Iranian tradition celebrated annually on the vernal equinox.
It is enjoyed by people adhering to different religions, but is considered a holiday for the Zoroastrians. It was registered on the UNESCO 's list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in ,  described as the Persian New Year ,     shared with a number of other countries in which it has historically been celebrated.
Iran's official calendar is the Solar Hejri calendar , beginning at the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere , which was first enacted by the Iranian Parliament on 31 March Alternatively, the Lunar Hejri calendar is used to indicate Islamic events, and the Gregorian calendar remarks the international events.
Due to its variety of ethnic groups and the influences from the neighboring cultures, the cuisine of Iran is diverse. Herbs are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins.
To achieve a balanced taste, characteristic flavorings such as saffron, dried lime, cinnamon, and parsley are mixed delicately and used in some special dishes.
Onion and garlic are commonly used in the preparation of the accompanying course, but are also served separately during meals, either in raw or pickled form.
Lunch and dinner meals are commonly accompanied by side dishes such as plain yogurt or mast-o-khiar , sabzi , salad Shirazi , and torshi , and might follow dishes such as borani , Mirza Qasemi , or kashk e bademjan as the appetizer.
Being a mountainous country, Iran is a venue for skiing , snowboarding , hiking , rock climbing ,  and mountain climbing.
Iran's National Olympic Committee was founded in Wrestlers and weightlifters have achieved the country's highest records at the Olympics.
The Azadi Sport Complex , which is the largest sport complex in Iran, was originally built for this occasion.
Football has been regarded as the most popular sport in Iran, with the men's national team having won the Asian Cup on three occasions.
The men's national team has maintained its position as Asia's best team, ranking 1st in Asia and 33th in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings as of May [update].
Volleyball is the second most popular sport in Iran. Basketball is also popular,  with men's national team having won three Asian Championships since In , Iran made global headlines for international female champions boycotting tournaments in Iran in chess U.
Iran is one of the countries with the worst freedom of the press situation, ranking th out of countries on the Press Freedom Index as of Iran's first newspapers were published during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah of the Qajar dynasty in the midth century.
The country's most widely circulated periodicals are based in Tehran, among which are Etemad , Ettela'at , Kayhan , Hamshahri , Resalat , and Shargh.
Television was introduced in Iran in Iran received access to the Internet in According to Internet World Stats, as of [update] , around According to the statistics provided by the web information company of Alexa , Google Search is Iran's most widely used search engine and Instagram is the most popular online social networking service.
Fashion in Iran is divided into several historical periods. The exact date of the emergence of weaving in Iran is not yet known, but it is likely to coincide with the emergence of civilization.
Clothing in Iran is mentioned in Persian mythology. Ferdowsi and many historians have considered Keyumars to be the inventor of the use of animals' skin and hair as clothing.
Some historians have also mentioned Hushang as the first inventor of the use of living skins as clothing.
There are historical discoveries in northern Iran from about 6, BC that refer to wool weaving at the time.
Other discoveries in central Iran dating back to BC have shown that the animals' skin has not been the only clothing worn on the Iranian plateau since those years.
The clothing of ancient Iran took an advanced form, and the fabric and color of clothing became very important at that time. Depending on the social status, eminence, climate of the region and the season, Persian clothing during the Achaemenian period took various forms.
The philosophy used in this clothing, in addition to being functional, also had an aesthetic role.
Beauty pageant festivals inside Iran were not held after the revolution , and the last selection ceremony of the "beauty queen of Iran" was held in in this country.
Since then, a high number of Iranian girls participated in the Beauty pageant and Miss Universe outside of Iran.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Iran disambiguation and Persia disambiguation. Country in the Middle East.
List of languages. List of ethnicities. Unitary Khomeinist presidential Islamic republic. Main article: Name of Iran.
Main article: History of Iran. Further information: Prehistory of Iran and Archaeological sites in Iran. See also: Indo-European migrations.
Main articles: Muslim conquest of Persia and Medieval Iran. Main article: Safavid Iran. Main article: Afsharid dynasty.
Main article: Zand dynasty. Main article: Qajar Iran. Main article: Pahlavi dynasty. See also: Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
Main article: Geography of Iran. See also: Agriculture in Iran and Environmental issues in Iran.
Hot desert climate. Cold desert climate. Hot semi-arid climate. Cold semi-arid climate. Hot-summer Mediterranean climate. Continental Mediterranean climate.
See also: Wildlife of Iran. See also: List of Iranian cities by population. Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari.
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad. Razavi Khorasan. Sistan and Baluchestan. North Khorasan. South Khorasan. West Azerbaijan. East Azerbaijan.
Caspian Sea. Persian Gulf. Saudi Arabia. Largest cities or towns in Iran census. Main article: Politics of Iran. Main article: Judicial system of Iran.
Main article: Foreign relations of Iran. See also: Iranian involvement in the Syrian Civil War. Main article: Economy of Iran.
Main article: Tourism in Iran. Main articles: Education in Iran and Science and technology in Iran. Main article: Demographics of Iran.
See also: Healthcare in Iran. Main article: Languages of Iran. Main article: Ethnicities in Iran. The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Religion in Iran and Irreligion in Iran. See also: Islamization of Iran.
Main article: Culture of Iran. Main articles: Iranian art and Arts of Iran. See also: Achaemenid architecture , Parthian art , Sasanian art , Safavid art , Qajar art , and Iranian modern and contemporary art.
Main articles: Iranian architecture and Persian gardens. Ruins of the Tachara , part of the World Heritage site of Persepolis.
Main article: Persian carpet. Main articles: Literature in Iran , Iranian literature , and Persian literature.
Main articles: Persian mythology and Iranian folklore. Main article: Music of Iran. Main articles: Persian theater and Persian dance.
Main articles: Cinema of Iran and History of Iranian animation. See also: List of festivals in Iran. Main article: Public holidays in Iran.
See also: Iranian calendars. Main article: Iranian cuisine. Main article: Sport in Iran. Weightlifter Kianoush Rostami wins gold at the Summer Olympics.
Taekwondo athlete Kimia Alizadeh wins bronze at the Summer Olympics. Main article: Media of Iran.
Main article: Fashion in Iran. The word also appears four times in Old Persian: One is in the Behistun inscription , where ariya- is the name of a language DB 4.
Transliteration Allahu Akbar. As referred to in art. The de facto motto however is: 'Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic.
Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 9 January The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency United States.
Retrieved 24 May Tauris, p. The name 'Iran' disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor.
But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or 'Iranian lands', which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam.
On the other hand, when the Safavids not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations.
Newman Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. Retrieved 21 June International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 29 November United Nations Development Programme.
Retrieved 10 December Fishman, Joshua Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 5 August Retrieved 1 August National Geographic.
Archived from the original on 12 December The Diplomat. Archived from the original on 8 December Financial Tribune.
Retrieved 28 May Tuckwell Press. Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices, 2nd ed. Cengage Learning. Retrieved 25 August Brody; Oswyn Murray; Lisa R.
Brody Encyclopedia of the ancient Greek world. Infobase Publishing. Retrieved 17 August The Jews of Arab Lands. Jewish Publication Society.
Ashgate Publishing. Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd ed. Retrieved 27 May Iran: The Illusion of Power. London: St. Martin's Press.
Retrieved 8 August Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 14 March Human Rights Watch.
UK Parliament. Retrieved 18 June Herbert Hunt 18 May Petro-Hunt LLC. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 10 November Encyclopedia Iranica.
Costa Mesa: Mazda. Archived from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 3 March Iranica website. Retrieved 30 March The New York Times.
Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 23 May Frye 20 October Archived from the original on 23 April LIT Verlag Münster.
The Harvard Theological Review. I use the term Iran in an historical context [ I use the term "Greater Iran" to mean what I suspect most Classicists and ancient historians really mean by their use of Persia — that which was within the political boundaries of States ruled by Iranians.
Shadows in the Desert: Ancient Persia at War. Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 7 February Voice of America.
Archived from the original on 11 February The Washington Post. The American Heritage Dictionary. Realm of History.
Retrieved 2 June Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 26 July Vigne; J. Peters; D. Helmer Oxbow Books, Limited. NBC News.
Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original on 25 July Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 9 August Kris Hirst.
Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 18 December Ancient Near Eastern Art. University of California Press.
Retrieved 4 July Potts Cambridge University Press. Iran Daily. Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 28 April Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 29 June Ancient Iraq.
Penguin Adult. Iran Chamber Society. Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 29 April Sagona Macmillan Education AU.
Archived from the original on 1 July Encyclopaedia Iranica. Prevas , p. Strauss , p. Ward , p.
Scheidel , p. Daniel , p. Meyer and Andreades , p. Jones , p. Richard , p. Hanson , p. Cowley and , p. Guinness World Records. Retrieved 11 March Retrieved 2 November In the Bible e.
Archived from the original on 3 December