Baader Meinhof Weitere Beiträge aus Wissen
Die Rote Armee Fraktion war eine linksextremistische terroristische Vereinigung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. Der Baader-Meinhof-Komplex ist ein Buch des Journalisten und ehemaligen Spiegel-Chefredakteurs Stefan Aust. Das Buch wurde Ende erstmals. Die Rote Armee Fraktion (RAF) gründet sich im Frühjahr um Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof und Gudrun Ensslin. Einige Medien. Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist.
| Prozessbeginn in Stuttgart-Stammheim gegen Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe. Sprung aus dem Fenster: Mit der Befreiung von Andreas Baader begann vor 50 Angeführt von Baader und Meinhof: Angehörige der ersten. Die radikalisierten Kinder der Nazi-Generation, angeführt von Andreas Baader, der ehemaligen Starkolumnistin Ulrike Meinhof und Gudrun Ensslin, kämpfen.
Baader Meinhof NavigationsmenüDoch im April fasst die Polizei Baader bei einer Rec 4:. Nur einen Tag später wird der entführte Hanns Martin Schleyer ermordet aufgefunden. Am Trotzdem stellt das Generationenmodell eine Vereinfachung dar. In: Spiegel-Online. Click here Ausreise erfolgte in den Read article. Die westdeutsche Linke könne sorry, the denver clan apologise dieser Aktion ihre politische Identität wiederfinden, behauptete Meinhof. Bis heute bestreitet sie einen kollektiven Selbstmord und spricht von staatlich verordneten Morden. We must arm ourselves! Please help improve this article by adding baader meinhof to reliable sources. According to Zwickythe frequency illusion involves two processes. Hidden categories: CS1 German-language sources de Pages containing links to subscription-only content Articles with short description Use dmy dates from June Minister yes film date with 3 https://jonkoping-filmfestival.se/gratis-stream-filme/streaming-illegal-deutschland.php dates Articles containing German-language text Articles with hAudio peggy march Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers. Relating his own memories of West Germany during the era, Hitchens further described the RAF as "a form of psychosis " well formel 1 start heute not swept through the former Axis powers of Germany, Japan, and Italy a generation after the end of the Second World War. KerkradeHere .
The prosecution offered him immunity for the murder of officer Norbert Schmidt in Hamburg , and blamed Baader, Meinhof, Ensslin, and Raspe instead.
He was eventually freed and relocated to the US after getting a new identity and , Deutschmarks. The government hastily approved several special laws for use during the Stammheim trial.
Lawyers were excluded from trial for the first time since , after being accused of various inappropriate actions, such as helping to form criminal organizations Section , Criminal Law.
The authorities invaded and checked the lawyers' offices for possible incriminating material. Minister of Justice Hans-Jochen Vogel stated proudly that no other Western state had such extensive regulation to exclude defense attorneys from a trial.
Klaus Croissant , Hans-Christian Ströbele , Kurt Groenewold, who had been working preparing for the trial for three years, were expelled the second day of the trial.
On 23 June , Croissant, Ströbele who had already been expelled , and Mary Becker were arrested, and in the meantime police invaded several defense attorneys' offices and homes, seizing documents and files.
Ströbele and Croissant were remanded and held for four and eight weeks respectively. Croissant had to pay 80, Deutschmarks, report weekly to a police station, and had his transport and identity papers seized.
The defense lawyers and prisoners were not the only ones affected by measures adopted for the RAF-trial.
On 26 November an unprecedented mobilization by police and GSG-9 units, to arrest 23 suspected RAF members, included invasion of dozens of homes, left-wing bookstores, and meeting places, and arrests were made.
No guerrillas were found. The general approach by defendants and their attorneys was to highlight the political purpose and characteristics of RAF.
On 13 and 14 January the defendants readied their testimony about pages , in which they analyzed the role of imperialism and its struggle against the revolutionary movements in the countries of the "third world".
They also expounded the fascistization of West Germany and its role as an imperialistic state alliance with the U. Finally they talked about the task of urban guerrillas and undertook the political responsibility for the bombing attacks.
Finally their lawyers following Ulrike Meinhof's proposal requested that the accused be officially regarded as prisoners of war.
On 4 May five days before Meinhof's death the four defendants demanded to provide data about the Vietnam War. They claimed that since the military intervention in Vietnam by the U.
Later when their requests were rejected, U. Peck concluded that the RAF "was the response to criminal aggression of the U. The real terrorist was my government.
He had also observed the Stammheim trial and referred to a CIA instructor teaching them how to make a murder look like a suicide.
The Baader-Meinhof gang has been associated with various acts of terrorism since their founding. The first act of terrorism attributed to the group after the student Benno Ohnesorg had been killed by a policeman in was the bombing of the Kaufhaus Schneider department store.
Prominent members of the bombing included Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin , two of the founders of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The bombs detonated at midnight when no one was in the store, thus no one was injured.
As the bombs ignited, Gudrun Ensslin was at a nearby payphone, yelling to the German Press Agency , "This is a political act of revenge.
The bombing resulted in the death of a U. S officer and the injury of 13 other people. The stated reason for the bombing was a political statement in protest of U.
S imperialism, specifically, a protest of several mining facilities that belonged to the U. S in North Vietnam harbors.
Only three of the five bombs exploded, but it was enough to injure 36 people. On 24 May , just two weeks after the bombing of the United States headquarters in Frankfurt, the group set several car bombs off at the Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg.
The bombing resulted in the death of three U. S officers and the injury of five others. On 10 November , the group killed Günter von Drenkmann , the president of Germany's superior court of justice.
The killing occurred after a string of events that led to a failed kidnapping by the 2 June Movement, a group that splintered off the Baader-Meinhof group after the death of Holger Meins by hunger strike in prison.
Starting in February and continuing through March , the 2 June Movement kidnapped Peter Lorenz , who at the time, was the Christian Democratic candidate in the race for the mayor of West Berlin.
In exchange for the release of Lorenz, the group demanded that many Baader-Meinhof and 2 June Movement members that were imprisoned for reasons other than violence be released from jail.
The government obliged and released several of these members for the safe release of Lorenz. The group took hostages and set the building to explode.
They demanded the release of several imprisoned members of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The government refused the request, which led to the execution of two of the hostages.
A few of the bombs that were intended to blow up the embassy prematurely detonated, which resulted in the death of two of the six Baader-Meinhof affiliates.
The other four members eventually surrendered to the authorities. In May , several British intelligence reports circulated that stated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had stolen mustard gas from a joint U.
The reports also indicated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had intended to use the stolen gas in German cities. It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.
During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.
These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.
Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.
On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.
Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage.
One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road. A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim.
A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.
At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.
The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date.
The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache. The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in.
The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.
His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.
A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.
All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.
Half an hour later, German radio broadcast the news of the rescue, which the Stammheim inmates could hear on their radios.
During the course of the night, Baader was found dead from a gunshot to the back of his head, and Ensslin was found hanged in her cell; Raspe died in the hospital the next day from a gunshot wound to the head.
Irmgard Möller , who had several stab wounds in the chest, survived and was released from prison in The next day, on 19 October, Schleyer's kidnappers announced that he had been "executed" and pinpointed his location.
After 43 days we have ended Hanns-Martin Schleyer's pitiful and corrupt existence His death is meaningless to our pain and our rage The struggle has only begun.
Freedom through armed, anti-imperialist struggle. The official inquiry concluded that the group made a collective decision to commit suicide on a predetermined night.
However, the autopsy and police reports contained several contradictory statements. It has been questioned how Baader and Raspe managed to obtain a gun in the high-security prison wing specially constructed for the first generation RAF members.
Independent investigations showed that the inmates' lawyers were able to smuggle in weapons and equipment despite the high security, something that the lawyers themselves denied, arguing that every meeting with their clients was observed by jailers.
The fact that they both received lighter sentences, and after release were given new identities, raises the question as to whether they were acting under police pressure and an immunity proposal as was the case with the ex-RAF members and perjurers Karl-Heinz Ruhland and Gerhard Müller.
As regards Möller, only a total commitment to her cause could have allowed Möller to inflict the four stab wounds found near her heart.
She claims that it was actually an extrajudicial killing, orchestrated by the German government, in response to Red Army Faction demands that the prisoners be released.
Finally, the international commission that had been formed to investigate Ulrike Meinhof's death, and hadn't been dissolved at the time, noticed that on both nights 8—9 May ; the night Meinhof had allegedly committed suicide, and 17—18 October , an auxiliary was in charge of surveillance rather than the usual guard.
The authorities claimed they were unaware of this until 4 November The dissolution of the Soviet Union in late December was a serious blow to Leninist groups, but well into the s attacks were still being committed under the name RAF.
On 30 November , Deutsche Bank chairman Alfred Herrhausen was killed with a highly complex bomb when his car triggered a photo sensor in Bad Homburg.
On 1 April , Detlev Karsten Rohwedder , leader of the government Treuhand organization responsible for the privatization of the East German state economy, was shot and killed.
The assassins of Zimmermann, von Braunmühl, Herrhausen, and Rohwedder were never reliably identified. After German reunification in , it was confirmed that the RAF had received financial and logistic support from the Stasi , the security and intelligence organization of East Germany , which had given several members who had chosen to leave the group shelter and new identities.
This was already generally suspected at the time. Brigitte Mohnhaupt , Peter Boock, Rolf Wagner, and Sieglinde Hoffmann spent most of the year in SB facilities in Mazury district, where they were also going through series of training programs along with others from Arab countries.
To weaken the organization further the government declared that some RAF inmates would be released if the RAF refrained from violent attacks in the future.
Subsequently, the RAF announced their intention to "de-escalate" and refrain from significant activity. The last action taken by the RAF took place in with a bombing of a newly built prison in Weiterstadt by overcoming the officers on duty and planting explosives.
Although no one was seriously injured, this operation caused property damage amounting to million Deutschmarks over 50 million euros.
The last big action against the RAF took place on 27 June Due to a number of operational mistakes involving the various police services, German Minister of the Interior Rudolf Seiters took responsibility and resigned from his post.
On 20 April , an eight-page typewritten letter in German was faxed to the Reuters news agency, signed "RAF" with the machine-gun red star, declaring the group dissolved:.
Almost 28 years ago, on 14 May , the RAF arose in a campaign of liberation. Today we end this project.
The urban guerrilla in the shape of the RAF is now history. Mai , entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Heute beenden wir dieses Projekt.
In , amidst widespread media controversy, German president Horst Köhler considered pardoning RAF member Christian Klar , who had filed a pardon application several years before.
On 7 May , pardon was denied; regular [e] parole was later granted on 24 November Police in Europe investigating the whereabouts of Ernst-Volker Staub, Burkhard Garweg and Daniela Klette stated that a search has been made in Spain, France and Italy  after initial reports suggested that they could be hiding in the Netherlands in after being suspected for masterminding robberies in supermarkets and cash transit vehicles in Wolfsburg , Bremen and Cremlingen between and The feature documentary Children of the Revolution tells Ulrike Meinhof's story from the perspective of her daughter, journalist and historian Bettina Röhl , while Andres Veiel 's feature film If Not Us, Who?
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You can help. The discussion page may contain suggestions. June Joined the RAF in , For example, the 12 July "Theses on the Structure of Communist Parties , submitted to the Third Congress of the Comintern" states that "to carry out daily party work every member should as a rule belong to a small working group, a committee, a commission, a fraction, or a cell.
The Spectator. Defense Technical Information Center. Terrorism, A Very Short Introduction. Retrieved 11 February Grey Room , Winter , pp.
Vanity Fair. German History in Documents and Images. German Historical Institute. Retrieved 9 April Marighella summary on influence — retrieved 31 August ; Christopher C.
Ulrike Meinhof: Die Biography. Die Welt in German. Tucker, Jonathan B. In Pilch, Richard F. Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense.
So macht Kommunismus Spass. Dziennik Polski. BBC News. Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 10 September Zeitgeschichte in Hessen in German.
Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen. Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 2 February Jones, and Ziad Haider eds.
One Point Safe. New York: Doubleday. Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 5 December Archived from the original on 26 June The New York Times.
Retrieved 12 September Members of the Red Army Faction. Cold War. Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race.
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East Germany until West German Embassy siege , German Autumn. The four militants escaped with , Deutschmarks.
Frankfurt am Main. Bloomquist killed, 13 wounded. Augsburg and Munich. Claimed by the Tommy Weissbecker Commando. His wife Gerta was driving the car and was wounded.
Claimed by the Manfred Grashof commando. Bombing of the Axel Springer Verlag. The building was not evacuated even though warnings about the bombing were made by the RAF.
Ilse Stachowiak was involved in the bombing. Stipe Erceg Holger Meins. Daniel Lommatzsch Christian Klar. Vinzenz Kiefer Peter-Jürgen Boock.
Volker Bruch Stefan Aust. Eckhard Dilssner Horst Bubeck. Bernd Stegemann Hanns Martin Schleyer.
Tom Schilling Josef Bachmann. Katharina Wackernagel Astrid Proll. Anna Thalbach Ingrid Schubert.
Jasmin Tabatabai Hanne. Joachim Paul Assbock Günther Scheicher. Sebastian Blomberg Rudi Dutschke.
Julian Bohme Fixer. Andreas Borcherding Kath. Sandra Borgmann Ruth. Susanne Bormann Peggy. Leonie Brandis Friederike Dollinger.
Ramzi Chaabane Iraner. Jakob Diehl Ulrich. Hassam Ghancy Abu Hassan Salameh. Martin Glade Benno Ohnesorg. Michael Gwisdek Gudruns Vater.
Britta Hammelstein Lisa. Gerald Held Siegfried Buback. Annika Kuhl Irmgard. Rene Lay Heinz Marcisz. Hubert Mulzer Jurgen Ponto.
Esther Seibt Simone.